What can an individual charged with a crime do to help prepare for trial and ease what can be a frightening, overwhelming process? Get some sage advice straight from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania criminal defense lawyer Stanton D. Levenson in this video.
Archive for the ‘criminal defense law’ Category
The Pittsburgh Cocaine Seven: How a Ragtag Group of Fans Took the Fall for Major League Baseball, by Aaron Skirboll, recently hit bookstore shelves and includes a case I defended back in 1985. At the time it was a scandal that rocked all of baseball and continues to symbolize the unfair treat treatment of the little guy in our judicial system.
It was a minor league case played out in a Major League ballpark. My client, Jeffrey Mosco, was bartender at a popular Pittsburgh Pirates hangout. He got to know player Dale Berra, who was the son of Yogi Berra and– as he soon learned– was a cocaine user.
Star-struck with this newfound connection to the Pirates scene, Mosco helped obtain cocaine for Berra. Berra then spread the word to two other Pirates ballplayers that Mosco could get cocaine for them, as well.
Mosco became one of seven defendants accused of drug dealing, and I was Mosco’s defense lawyer. We worked a deal, Mosco entered a guilty plea, and he received a year in jail.
Meanwhile, the three Pittsburgh Pirates– including Berra– were granted immunity and faced no consequences. This was an outrageous example of prosecutorial discretion gone awry. The rich and powerful went free while the poor and unknown went to jail.
I had the pleasure of meeting with the author of The Pittsburgh Cocaine Seven as he researched this strange, tumultuous time in Major League Baseball.
You can learn more about this revealing new book—and my role in it—on Amazon.com here.
–Stanton D. Levenson
Our recent blog post talks about how closely jurors watch how everyone behaves in the courtroom, and this reminded me of two interesting examples I thought I’d share with you today.
I had a case involving a schoolteacher, who was accused of sexual assault on seven of his thirteen-year-old female students. While ultimately, he was acquitted, the first time around the jury convicted him.
The jury included six men and six women, and the client did not testify. Even though I believed he wasn’t guilty, I did not think he would be a good witness.
The jury convicted him on half of the charges and acquitted him on half.
I had occasion to speak with the jurors afterward. And what was interesting was, the jurors said they knew he was guilty of the charges they’d convicted him on because, as each of these young girls testified about the alleged sexual assault, he refused to look at them and instead looked down at the table.
It was from that, the jurors felt the defendant was embarrassed, ashamed and guilty.
That was an incredibly important lesson for me, not only in terms of the re-trial of this case but for all other cases since. Not evidence, but appearance, body language and the erroneous impressions jurors draw from them can make or break a case.
Another important thing I learned from years of being in front of a jury is that jurors watch how you treat your client.
Early in my career, I represented a young man who was charged with the distribution of drugs.
We had no defense to the charges, but couldn’t get a deal that made sense. So we picked a jury and went to trial.
And while I don’t recall my argument to the jury– lo and behold, the defendant was acquitted, leading me to believe I must really be a terrific lawyer.
Fortunately, about a week later I ran into one of the jurors walking down the street. He stopped me, we talked about the case, and I asked him what the basis for the acquittal was.
And he looked me in the eye and said, “Stan, we knew your client was innocent.”
I said, “Of course he was. But how did you know that?”
He said, “Well, the way you treated him. You were so nice to him and you put your arm around him. We knew that you wouldn’t have acted that way if he was a guilty person.”
Again, a fascinating lesson about human nature.
—Stanton D. Levenson
Defending yourself on criminal charges can be one of the most terrifying experiences of your life. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania-based criminal defense lawyer, Stanton D. Levenson, shares the advice he gives his own clients during this difficult time:
Don’t Let Your Body Language Mislead the Jurors
During jury trials, jurors carefully study all the participants—the lawyers, the client, the witnesses and the judge. This is because of the very nature of the jury trial itself. Jurors are restricted to the jury box and aren’t able to speak to one another in the courtroom. This gives them a lot of time for keen observation of everyone’s habits and mannerisms. This body language and behavior gets interpreted in a variety of ways, but some of them can pose a problem for defendants.
- …look down/avoid eye contact with the witnesses and jury
- …look ashamed or embarrassed
- …try to stare down the witness or intimidate them
- …look at the witness and jury like you would anyone else under normal circumstances
A defendant with a clean, neat appearance shows respect for the court, and an understanding of the seriousness of the defendant’s circumstances. But there are a few things to avoid…
- …overdress for the occasion. if you don’t normally get dressed up, don’t dress up for trial. Jurors are good at detecting phoniness and manipulation, and you will lose credibility with the court
- …come into the court room unclean, wrinkled or otherwise sloppy.
- …dress as you ordinarily do. If you’re a businessperson who is often dressed up, then a suit would be appropriate. If you ordinarily dress more casually, then this the way to dress in court.
Avoid Common Mistakes
There are a number of mistakes individuals accused of a crime make as their trial approaches. Some helpful tips can help you avoid these pitfalls.
- … discuss the case with non-lawyers. Attorneys who specialize in criminal law understand the complex legal system, and what may seem like common sense to a person not familiar with the law is not necessarily helpful from a legal perspective. While your friends, family and neighbors may be very concerned for you and want to help you in any way they can, the best thing you can do for yourself is to restrict your discussion of the case to your own legal team.
- …try to do your own research. Again, the court system has its own complex language, and unless you’re well-versed in it, you may actually do more harm than good by trying to tackle your own research.
- …compare your case with other, similar cases. Each case is entirely unique, and one case generally has nothing to do with another case, no matter how similar they initially may seem.
- …make sure your lawyer explains to you the strategy, and why he or she may be asking certain questions and not others.
- …tell your lawyer what you would like to see him or her doing regarding your case, and share any ideas you might have. Sometimes clients have ideas that lawyers might not think of because the client is so close to the circumstances that led to the charges. A collaborative experience with your lawyer will serve you best.
Things To Keep in Mind as Trial Approaches
Defending yourself against criminal charges may be the most frightening time you’ll ever face. But as your trial approaches, it’s important to remember the following:
- This is a limited-time event. It will be over at some point.
- Yes, the trial may be life-changing. But do not let it alter every aspect of your life. Life will go on, as painful as it may seem now.
For more information on this topic, or if you have a criminal case you’re concerned about, contact the criminal defense offices of Stanton D. Levenson here.
When you’re facing criminal charges, choosing the right defense lawyer becomes one of your most powerful, life-changing decisions. Whether you’re charged with white collar crime, drug crime, federal crime, or a sex crime, a quality defense attorney can mean the difference between rebuilding your life, or facing consequences that span a lifetime.
So how do you choose the right defense lawyer to help you through this difficult time?
Credentials That Count
Experience counts when it comes to choosing a good defense lawyer. But how do you know what sort of experience to look for? There are a number of associations and other professional groups to which a truly serious criminal defense attorney will belong. These include:
- Membership in the statewide criminal bar. For instance, here in Pennsylvania, it’s the Pennsylvania Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. From our practice, Stanton D. Levenson was actually a founding member and past president of this organization.
- Membership in the national criminal bar: the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers.
- Membership in the American Board of Criminal Lawyers. This is by invitation-only, selecting from a small group of criminal defense attorneys nationwide.
- Inclusion in the Super Lawyers directory for your state. For our practice area, it’s the Pennsylvania Super Lawyers directory.
- Inclusion in the Best Lawyers in America directory.
Strong Reputation Among Clients and Fellow Attorneys
The best way to find a talented criminal defense attorney is a lot like the way you might find a good doctor— ask people you know and trust to give you a referral. Talk to lawyers you know, and find out who they would recommend. A criminal lawyer with a positive reputation in the legal field says a lot about how he or she will work with you and handle your case.
Being charged with a crime can be a lot like waking up in a foreign country where you don’t speak the language. Your defense lawyer has a responsibility to demystify this process for you, in terms you can understand. This means not only explaining the issues that concern you, but also taking the time and having the patience to answer all your questions. Just think: if your defense lawyer is unable to explain important information clearly to you, how will that lawyer present critical information to a judge and jury?
Ability to Work Together
The results of your criminal defense affect your life. With so much at stake, it’s vital to choose a defense attorney you feel comfortable with. Remember, during this time you and your criminal defense lawyer must be a team. You want a lawyer who will treat you as an equal, and not be dictatorial with you and your case. Remember, you are the client.
A Caseload That Gives Your Case the Time it Deserves
Find out how many cases your potential criminal defense lawyer takes on at a time. If he or she is juggling many cases at once, you may find that attorney has little time to devote to your case. That’s why in our practice, we intentionally keep the practice small, working diligently with a limited number of cases at a time. This assures Stanton D. Levenson will have the time needed to dedicate to each individual case– and that makes a huge difference to our clients. Make sure your case isn’t just another number for your lawyer.
When Looking for a Defense Lawyer, Ask Yourself:
- Are all my questions being answered in ways I understand?
- Do I have confidence in my defense lawyer?
- Is my criminal defense attorney giving me the time my case requires?
- Does he or she belong to the important criminal defense associations in the field?
- Is my attorney experienced, with a positive reputation among clients and peers?
If the answer to any of these questions is “no,” your criminal defense lawyer might not be the right fit for you. So contact us. We’re here to make a difference.